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Balaena Montalionis

The paleontologist Giovanni Capellini had the task of studying an important finding and illustrating the discovery of the scientific community; that meticulous study led him to conclude that it was a bone of the skull of a large cetacean dated back to Pliocene and belonging to the kind "Balaena" and because it had some peculiar features not found in other Tuscan fossils, he proposed to distinguish it as "Balaena Montalionis".

Today it is part of the fossil collection of the Museum of Natural History and the Territory set up by the University of Pisa at Certosa of Calci, home of the most important caves of Europe.

The finding of Balaena Montalionis followed other minor discoveries of whale fossils, including a significant one in Castelfalfi today exhibited at the Civic Museum of Montaione. However, recent findings which have been recovered at Poggio Tagliato are not exhibited at the Department of Earth Sciences in Florence.

The reason why there is a large amount of fossils in the Montaione territory is to be found in the Pliocene period: at that time (3/5 million years ago) the reopening of the Mediterranean, with the formation, for tectonic causes, of the current Strait of Gibraltar, reestablished the connection with the Atlantic Ocean, forming large basins with warm water, populated by the ancestors of the great Cetacean microplanctophanes of the genus "Balaena", which now live in the cold waters of the Arctic and Antarctic regions.

The whales began their extraordinary biological history from a terrestrial carnivorous mammal, the family of "mesonichids", and they adapted to the aquatic environment at the beginning of the Eocene, no less than fifty million years ago.

Other things you can visit in Montaione

Discover the secrets of Montaione through its artistic and cultural heritage riddled with churches and castles in a wonderful journey into our history.

 

Civic Museum

Located inside the Palazzo Pretorio, the Civic Museum tells the history of the territory of Montaione through archaeological, paleontological, mineral and fossil findings recovered in the surroundings of Montaione.

 

Jerusalem of San Vivaldo

The Holy Mount or Jerusalem of San Vivaldo is a place of great historical, artistic and cultural heritage. It includes a series of religious buildings including the Monastery and the Church dedicated to San Vivaldo and some chapels, whose layout reproduces on a small scale the Palestine Jerusalem of the fifteenth century.

 

Church of St. Floriano

Located in the village of Castelfalfi, the Church of San Floriano, which is accessed through a staircase, is a remarkable example of Romanesque architecture in Tuscany.

 

Church of San Regolo

The Church of San Regolo - a remarkable example of Romanesque architecture in Tuscany dating back to the 13th or 14th centuries – overlooks onto the Piazza della Repubblica in the heart of the historical center of Montaione.

 

Roman Cistern

The Roman cistern is an ancient stone artifact dating back to Roman times (around III century B.C.) which was used as a water reservoire with a capacity of about 200,000 liters.

 

Castle of Vignale

The Castle of Vignale is located halfway down a hill that can only be reached on foot or by bicycle. Although today you can only admire the remains of this ancient castle it is easy to imagine the history of this place once disputed among the most noble Tuscan families.

 

Church of St. Joseph and Lucia

This small church dedicated to Saints Joseph and Lucia is also called the "Church of the Nuns" because it is annexed to a 16th century former monastery.

 

Sanctuary of Pietrina

Situated on the peak of a rock from which you can admire the beautiful landscape that extends to the hill of Volterra, the Sanctuary of Pietrina is a small church famous for a painting representing the "Madonna with Child".

Located in a natural and scenic environment of undeniable beauty where time seems to have stopped, explore the 8 locations of the territory of Montaione and discover the history and traditions with the certainty of always finding something unique and special.

Click on the localities of the territory
 

Cultural holidays

A lesser-known territory, away from the classical routes of mass tourism but equally fascinating and rich in art, history and traditions. Montaione will surprise you!

The richness of the artistic and cultural heritage of Montaione and its territory are just themeselves a good reason to spend a cultural holiday.

Montaione will surprise you!

Highlights

In Montaione there are so many things to do, to see and to visit that choosing can be really difficult.

Here are some tips for a holiday, where you won't be missing out on anything!

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Vespa tour

Would you like to ride among the enchanting landscapes of the Tuscan countryside with the sun in your face, the wind in your hair, and feeling the charm and the emotions of the italian "Dolce Vita"? So you don't have to miss a Vespa Tour!

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Quad tours

If you are looking for adventure, a quad tour in the Montaione's countryside might be just the thing. An extraordinary experience to live for a full day or just for a few hours.

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Bike rental and Mtb guided tour

IBikeMontaione and its staff are at your disposal for bicycle rentals and for guided mountain biking tours (with or without tasting of typical products and lasting a few hours to full days) to discover the most impressive locations of this beautiful area.

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Ceramic painting classes

A ceramic painting class is the perfect opportunity to learn about the art of ceramics decoration and painting techniques, all in a magical and relaxing atmosphere.

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Wine tasting in farms

In an area that boasts an ancient wine-making tradition, whose wines are well known for their quality, you can not miss a visit in one of the many cellars and wineries tasting their products!

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Cooking classes

Would you like to learn how to cook some good Tuscan dishes like the ones you ate during your stay? Take part in a cooking course where our chefs will teach you the best secrets of their recipes!

How to get to Montaione

Located in the center of the triangle between Florence, Siena and Pisa, Montaione is in a perfect location from which to explore Tuscany every day.

Car, train or plane. Whatever means you want to travel with, you will discover how easy it is to reach Montaione!

Transfer service to and from airports and rail stations

Have you just arrived in Tuscany and can't wait to start your vacation, perhaps forgetting about the car for the rest of your stay?

Rely on a transfer service from nearby airports and rail stations to your hotel, with all the comforts of a driver at your disposal and the most suitable vehicle for your needs.

 

Images of Montaione

Take a look at our photo gallery and immerse yourself in the enchanting landscape of Montaione. We are sure we will make you fall in love with your next vacation spot.

Brochure of Montaione

Are you looking for inspiration for your holidays in Montaione? Browse our brochure, find out all the details and look at the most beautiful and significant images whenever you want*

Map of Montaione

On the map of Montaione and its territory you can easily find out all the services and have always at your fingertips the most important information to make you feel comfortable as a real Montaionese.*

*We don’t send advertising material. The brochure is available at the Tourist Office of Montaione, while the map can be found at the best accommodations in Montaione.

 

Tourist Office

Via Cresci, 17/19 - 50050 MONTAIONE (Florence)
+39 (0)571 699 255

The tourist office is temporarily closed. Will open on April 1st.

Contact VisitMontaione.com's staff

Do you still have doubts, questions, or any kind of curiosity or are you looking for help planning your holiday in Montaione?

Whatever your request*, the VisitMontaione.com’s staff is ready to listen to you!

Fill out the following form with your details or send an email to info@visitmontaione.com and you will get an answer as soon as possible.

The VisitMontaione.com’s team

* Due to the many requests we receive every day, we inform the visitors of this website, that information about where to sleep, where to eat, shops or any other kind of commercial services, won’t be provided, except those related to own advertisers.
For any other questions feel free to contact us, we will be glad to serve you!

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Shot, tag & share

Are you on holiday in Montaione and want to show the world how much you are having with all the things you can do or see on our territory?

Take a photo, share it on facebook or instagram tagging @visitmontaione and tell us about your experience through social media.

We can't wait to hear from you!

 

Separated waste collection

Enjoying your holiday and at the same time contributing to respect and protection of the environment?

In Montaione it is possible!

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